1. The formation
of matter. Hydrogen is the workhorse of the universe. It the most prevalent
atom in the universe, and it has but two electric charges: a proton and
and electron. But how does the proton capture an electron to form a hydrogen
atom? That question has never before been answered, and this book provides
that answer. It not only provides the answer, but it results in a new
electromagnetic model of the atom that actually conforms to some of the
results of Quantum Mechanics! This is a contradiction to the arguments
of the physics community.
It is shown that the mysterious barrier that supposedly surrounds a proton
does not exist! This important mystery has now been solved.
The solution to the abstract Bohr radius problem is also provided. In
the Bohr mode, the radius of the atom is unlimited, and Bohr admitted
his atom model is abstract. In the Quantum Mechanics model, only the portions
of the Bohr model are preserved. So physicists have switched to the energy
concept and have abandoned the search for the mystery of the precise movements
of electrons in orbit. You will find the proper answers to this question
in this book.
In solving this mystery, the auther inadvertently solved another of the
great problems in physics, which is the solution to the equation of motion
under the influence of an external force plus its own electromagnetic
field. In physics, these dynamics are expressed by the Lorentz-Dirac
equation, but in this book it is ignored and a new approach is taken
that is based on a new electromagnetic model of the atom.
The book begins with an analysis of the "Bohr magneton",
and solutions to the problems with it.
A new electromagnetic model of the hydrogen atom is introduced.
Traveling waves and matter waves compared.
The Lorentz transformation and its relationship to the new model of the
atom are discused.
The complex path of the electron in the near field as it approaches a
proton is portrayed.
Correlations to the Rydberg frequencies of radiation are specified.
An analysis of the atom as an electromagnetic oscillator is presented.
The electromagnetic parameters of the hydrogen atom are defined.
The process of electron capture to form an atom from a proton and an electron
Longitudinal mass versus transverse mass is an important issue.
The cross-product properties of the magnetic force vector acting on an
electron are given .
A picture of the electron as it moves through space in the near velocity
of the proton illustrates how the electron avoids a disastrous collision.
The exact orbit of the electron in a hydrogen atom is illustrated in three
dimensions! It conforms to the energy shell of QM, and yet it was derived
from classical electromagnetic theory.