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THE SCIENCE SITE
Challenging Scientific Theories

 

The discrepancies between current scientific theories and actual measurement were elucidated on the Waves page by utilizing the measured data of dynamic electromagnetic fields and comparing the results with current theory. Both types of radiating electromagnetic field waves were shown to have wavefronts that bend as the field is rotated, and only the degree of bending varies between the two illustrations. This must be the case, because if the wave did not bend, it would be possible to transmit information instantaneously, and we know that does not happen. If an electromagnetic wave is restricted to the speed of light in all directions (radial and transverse), then the field wave never reaches a steady state (top waveform on previous page). However, the hydrogen atom, which consists of an electron rotating around a proton, produces a rotational electromagnetic field, and we know that is has steady states. Thus this field waveform, which has a steady state but rotates at transverse velocities that increase with radius, exceeds the speed of light in the far field. This result shows a contradiction to Einstein's hypothesis that nothing in the universe can travel faster than the speed of light.

Quantum Mechanics has no answer as to the secret of the gravitational force. The current belief is that there must be tiny unseen particles producing the force, and that there may be many more dimensions (other than those of space and time), but there is no evidence to support it. Imagination is great, but it must be backed up by some sort of measured data. On the other hand, there is definite evidence to support it as an electromagnetic gravitational force. It has previously been assumed that, because the electrical charges of atoms are balanced (an equal number of protons and electrons), the electric forces cancel cancel external to the atom. In three of our books, The "Secret of Gravity" and "Secrets of the Atom", and "The Electric Atom" (third book out of print), it was shown that this is not the case, since the external forces produced by the field waves acting on an electric charge are not quite equal. The calculated attractive electric force between two hydrogen atoms was found to be more than sufficient to account for the gravitational force, leading to the conclusion that all mass consists of complex dynamic electric force-field waves.

It has also been assumed that there is a barrier at the center of the atom that prevents the electron from crashing into it. In "Secrets of the Atom", a new model of the hydrogen atom was constructed which shows that the electron is moving at the speed of light, which is much higher than previously believed. The resulting harmonic frequency of the field wave corresponds to that of the electron itself. It is the transverse force, acting on the electron as it approaches the proton at high velocity, that causes the electron to turn towards the transverse direction as it nears the proton. When this happens, the attractive force, acting on the electron in the radial direction, is reduced accordingly and eventually reaches zero when the electron is moving at the speed of light. This new model of the hydrogen atom was derived from electromagnetic theory.

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